We begin the episode by discussing whether we should discuss follow up first. John Siracusa © 1922.
We decide to not do any follow up and go directly to the main topic.
Gill v. Whitford
We actually discussed this case in Episode 11, Everything We Know about Voting Rights.
- Law makers were required to pledge secrecy over redistricting.
- Oral Argument Transcript of Gill v. Whitford
Justice Sotomayor was on point with her questions:
- JUSTICE SOTOMAYOR
- But they kept going back to fix the map to make it more gerrymandered. That’s undisputed. The people involved in the process had traditional maps that complied with traditional criteria and then went back and threw out those maps and created more -- some that were more partisan. . . . So why didn’t they take one of the earlier maps?
- JUSTICE SOTOMAYOR
- Could you tell me what the value is to democracy from political gerrymandering? How -- how does that help our system of government?
The best demonstration of the efficency gap:
- Washington Post, How does the efficiency gap measure partisan gerrymandering?
- Radiolab’s Robert Krulwich explains the Efficiency Gap.
- Chief Justice Roberts on sociological gobbledygook and Justice Alito on the science of polls.
The appellees lay out their test for determining partisen gerrymandering:
First, it must find that the map was designed with discriminatory intent: “to place a severe impediment on the effectiveness of the votes of individual citizens on the basis of their political affiliation.” Second, it must determine that the map causes a “large and durable” discriminatory effect: one that is “sizeable” and likely to “persist throughout the decennial period.” And third, it must conclude that there is no valid justification for this effect: no way to explain it the legitimate state prerogatives and neutral factors that are implicated in the districting process.”
The problem with false positives:
- Ms. MURPHY
- Sure. So I think some of the problems with the criteria that have been suggested, in particular with the tests that focus on these symmetry metrics, is that so far the metrics that we have, I mean, they identify false positives roughly 50 percent of the time.
- Mr. TSEYTLIN
- This is plain -- Plaintiff’s expert studied maps from 30 years, and he identified the 17 worst of the worst maps. What is so striking about that list of 17 is that 10 were neutral draws.
- The meta-margin
- Wang’s three tests for partisan assymetry
- Professor Wang explains on video
Ken Paxton files an amicus brief
Ruchit: 5-4 Whitford, but no standard. Four justices will sign on to Breyer’s test. Kennedy will write his own opinion, which five justices will agree with, but he won’t actually articulate a test.
TJ: 5-4 Whitford, but affirmed in part and reversed in part. The Court will likely find that these partisan-gerrymandering claims are justifiable, but will refine how to bring such a claim.
AJ: 5-4 Whitford
AJ: Big Mouth on Netflix
Ruchit: Google Pixel Buds